Welcome to Arkansas State University!

The frequency of course offering is indicated following each course description. If not otherwise indicated, the course will be scheduled for each enrollment period. The university reserves the right to change course scheduling when circumstances dictate such changes.


For each laboratory course taken, both the lecture and laboratory portions must be passed before credit for graduation is assigned.

Undergraduate


Biology (BIO)

BIO 1013 Making Connections Biology
Required course for first semester freshmen. Core content includes transition to college, academic performance skills, problem solving, critical thinking, self management, group building skills, and university policies. Content related to the departmental majors is also included. Fall.

BIO 1201 Human Anatomy Laboratory
Study of the structure of the human body with emphasis on the muscular, skeletal, nervous, and vascular systems. For Radiologic Technology Science majors only. Special course fees may apply. Two hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 1203. Fall.

BIO 1203 Human Anatomy
Study of the structure of the human body with emphasis on the muscular, skeletal, nervous, and vascular systems. For Radiologic Technology Science majors only. Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 1201. Fall.

BIO 1211 Human Physiology Laboratory
Study of the function of the human body with emphasis on the muscular, skeletal, nervous, respiratory and vascular systems. For Clinical Laboratory Science associate degree majors only. Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 1213. Spring.

BIO 1213 Human Physiology
Study of the function of the human body with emphasis on the muscular, skeletal, nervous, respiratory and vascular systems. For Clinical Laboratory Science associate degree majors only. Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended that this course be taken concurrently with BIO 1211. Spring.

BIO 1301 Biology of Animals Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this lab be taken concurrently with BIO 1303. Fall, Spring, Summer, even.

BIO 1303 Biology of Animals
Fundamentals of modern zoology and a survey of the phyla. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer, even.

BIO 1501 Biology of Plants Laboratory
Two hours per week. It is recommended that this lab be taken concurrently with BIO 1503. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer, odd.

BIO 1503 Biology of Plants
Form, structure, function, and reproduction of plants. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer, odd.

BIO 2011 Biology of the Cell
Laboratory Two hours per week. Recommended to be taken concurrently with BIO 2013. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, CHEM 1011.

BIO 2013 Biology of the Cell
An introduction to structures and processes in cells, including cellular evolution, biologically important molecules, organelle structure and function, and cellular energy. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, CHEM 1013. Fall, Spring.

BIO 2101 Microbiology for Nursing and Allied Health Laboratory
Two hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 2103. Special course fee, 10.00. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2103 Microbiology for Nursing and Allied Health
Bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, chlamydiae, molds, yeasts, and protozoans as they relate to human health. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2201 Human Anatomy and Physiology I Laboratory
The behavior of matter with respect to life processes, cells, tissues, functional anatomy of integumentary, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems, cat anatomy, nerve and muscle preparations and recordings. Two hours per week. No prerequisites. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 2203. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2203 Human Anatomy and Physiology I
Introduction to atoms, molecules, the biology of organelles and cellular functions, tissues, functional anatomy of integumentary, skeletal, muscular and central nervous systems and interaction with the external environment. Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. No prerequisites. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2221 Human Anatomy and Physiology II Laboratory
Major sense organs, autonomic nervous system and internal environment, neuroendocrine control mechanisms, respiratory and cardiovascular functions, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, liver functions, digestive, renal and reproductive processes. Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2201 and BIO 2203. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 2223. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 2223 Human Anatomy and Physiology II
Major sense organs, autonomic nervous system and internal environment, neuroendocrine control mechanisms, respiratory and cardiovascular functions, oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, liver functions, digestive, renal and reproductive processes. Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 2221. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 3011 Genetics Laboratory
DNA observation, DNA isolation, heredity and variation with applications to bacteria, plants and animals will be investigated in the laboratory. Three hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 3013. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring.

BIO 3013 Genetics
A study of the principles of heredity including Mendelian genetics, population and evolutionary genetics, and molecular genetics with a focus on patterns of human inheritance. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 and BIO 2011. Fall, Spring.

BIO 3023 Principles of Ecology
An introduction to the study of relationships and interactions of organisms and their environment. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501, BIO 1503, BIO 1301, and BIO 1303. Fall, Spring.

BIO 3033 Evolution
A critical review of evolutionary principles, primarily the neo Darwinian theory, with comparisons to newly emerging theories. Lecture, selected readings, writings, and group discussions. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIOL 1001 and 1003 or higher. Spring, odd.

BIO 3051 Try Out the Classroom
Introductory classroom experience led by ASU STEM faculty and area teachers. Topics include Arkansas science/math curriculum, classroom management, laboratory safety, and basic teaching skills. Students will develop and present science/math activities in area classrooms and campus outreach. Prerequisites, 8 BIO credit hours. Fall.

BIO 3201 Introduction to Medical and Dental Practices
This course introduces students to the diversity of specialty practices within the fields of medicine and dentistry. Prerequisites, BIOL 1013, BIOL 1021, BIO 1203, and BIO 1201. Enrollment limited to students seeking a career in dentistry, medicine, podiatry, or optometry. Graded pass or fail, credit cannot be applied to degree requirements. Special course fees may apply. Spring.

BIO 3203 Pathophysiology
The physiology of pathological disturbances and inborn errors. Mechanism of disturbance, body compensating efforts, and adaptive responses of humans. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2223 and BIO 2221, OR BIO 3233 and BIO 3231. Fall, Spring.

BIO 3211 Techniques for Medical Exam Test Taking
This course introduces students to the Medical College Aptitude Test, MCAT. Basic scientific principles and test taking strategies within the fields of medicine will be covered. Prerequisites, enrollment limited to students seeking a career in medicine. Graded pass or fail, credit cannot be applied to degree requirements. Spring.

BIO 3221. Human Structure and Function I
Laboratory Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 3223. Fall.

BIO 3223 Human Structure and Function I
This course covers the structure and function of the human organism. Topics covered include, cellular function, skeletal, muscular and nervous systems. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, BIO 1301, BIO 1303, CHEM 1023 and 1021. Fall.

BIO 3231 Human Structure and Function II
Laboratory Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 3233. Spring.

BIO 3233 Human Structure and Function II
This course covers the structure and function of the human organism. Topics covered include special senses and endocrine, respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, urinary, reproductive and integumentary systems. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3223 and BIO 3221. Spring.

BIO 3241 Physical Diagnosis
This course provides an introduction to clinical medicine for Pre medical students by teaching the basics of physical examination. Prerequisite, BIO 1303 and BIO 1301. Enrollment limited to Pre medical students. Special course fees may apply. Graded pass or fail, credit cannot be applied to degree requirements. Fall.

BIO 3251 Introduction to Pathology
This course introduces Pre medical students to presentation, physical findings, etiology and basic treatment of a number of common diseases and conditions. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, BIO 1303 and BIO 1301. Enrollment limited to Pre medical students. Graded pass or fail, credit cannot be applied to degree requirements. Spring.

BIO 3301 General Entomology Laboratory
Two hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 3303. Special course fees may apply. Fall.

BIO 3302 Comparative Anatomy
Chordate morphology, phylogeny, ontogeny, organology, and homology. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall, odd.

BIO 3303 General Entomology
Identification, structure, and life history of the principal insect orders. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall.

BIO 3311 Economic Entomology Laboratory
Two hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIO 3313. Special course fees may apply. Spring.

BIO 3312 Comparative Anatomy Laboratory
Four hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 3302. Fall, odd.

BIO 3313 Economic Entomology
Life history, distribution, and control of injurious insects. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring.

BIO 3321 Animal Physiology Laboratory
Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 3323. Spring.

BIO 3322 Invertebrate Zoology
Classification and natural history of representative invertebrates. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring, even.

BIO 3323 Animal Physiology
Chemical, physical, and biological functions of systems, including the study of metabolism and inter relationships of organ systems to the entire organism. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301, BIO 1303, CHEM 1021, and 1023. Spring.

BIO 3332 Invertebrate Zoology Laboratory
Four hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 3322. Spring, even.

BIO 3501 Wild Flowers of Arkansas
Identification and conservation of wild flowers in Arkansas, plus studying those that are edible, endangered or rare, poisonous, or may be used in flower gardens. Lecture one hour per week. Open to all majors. Special course fees may apply. Summer, odd every 4 years.

BIO 3511 Wild Flowers of Arkansas Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 3501. Special course fees may apply. Summer, odd every 4 years.

BIO 3541 Plant Pathology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 3542. Special course fees may apply. Spring, odd.

BIO 3542 Plant Pathology
Nature, cause, and control of diseases of orchard, garden, and field crops. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501 and BIO 1503. Spring, odd.

BIO 3553 Economic Botany
Economic plants and their use by man. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501 and BIO 1503. Summer, even every 4 years.

BIO 4001 Laboratory Techniques in Electron Microscopy
An introduction to the preparation of biological materials for viewing with the transmission and scanning electron microscope. Emphasis will be placed on preparative techniques that are commonly used in the laboratory. Lecture one hour per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, eight hours upper-level biology. Instructor permission required. Fall, even.

BIO 4003 Laboratory Techniques in Electron Microscopy Laboratory
Six hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4001. Special course fees may apply. Fall, even.

BIO 4011 Microtechnique
Methods of killing, fixing, staining, and mounting tissues. Lecture one hour per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501, BIO 1503, CHEM 3103, and CHEM 3101. Fall, odd.

BIO 4012 Microtechnique Laboratory
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4011. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4013 Population Genetics
This course will investigate the theories describing the temporal nature of the genetic structure of populations. There will be an emphasis on problem solving applying statistical tools. Intended for students entering the disciplines of systematics, conservation, agriculture, and wildlife and fisheries sciences. Special course fees may apply. Fall, even years.

BIO 4021 Biological Seminar
Conferences, readings, and reports on material relevant to the biological sciences. Required of all department majors. Open only to biology department majors with 16 hours or more of course work in the subject area. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 4023 History of Biological Ideas
This course analyzes the history of biological ideas such as evolution, heredity, spontaneous generation, and molecular biology, aimed at a better understanding not only of the historical background of current research but also on how science proceeds. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites will be at least two of the following courses, BIO 3033, BIO 3023, and BIO 3013. Permission of Instructor required. Fall, odd.

BIO 403V Special Problems in Biology
Specific area with the topic and mode of inquiry agreed upon by student and instructor. Registration may be repeated with various topics. Registration must be approved by the program director. Special course fees may apply. Demand.

BIO 404V Special Topics in Biological Sciences
Topical or technique driven seminar relating to the biological sciences that will lead to the training of students in a body of work, such as newly developed research technique and approach. Number of credit hours will vary. Special course fees may apply. Permission of Instructor required. May be repeated for a total credit of 6 hours. Fall, Spring.

BIO 4103 Virology
The structure, function, and classification of viruses, and their impact on modern society and the biological world. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2103 or BIO 3013 or BIO 4104 or BIO 4133. Fall, even.

BIO 4104 Microbiology
Morphology, physiology, taxonomy and cultivation of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans with an emphasis on medically relevant bacteria. Relationship of microorganisms to animals, plants, and the environment. Lecture two hours per week and laboratory four hours per week. Prerequisites, CHEM 1023 and BIO 2013 or permission of instructor. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer, even.

BIO 4111 Immunology Laboratory
Study of classical and current immunology techniques such as ELISA, immuno electrophoresis and Western Blot analysis. Laboratory 3 hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 and CHEM 1013. Fall.

BIO 4113 Immunology
Study of the human immune system. Topics include innate and acquired immunity, complement fixation and disorders of the immune system. Lecture 3 hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 and CHEM 1013. Fall.

BIO 4123 Cell Signaling
This course will provide an understanding of key concepts about cellular signaling mechanisms, major signaling pathways identified to date, and about the methods used to study these pathways. Three hours per week during spring semester. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 or BIO 4133, or permission of the instructor. Spring, odd.

BIO 4131 Cell Biology Lab
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4133. Special course fees may apply. Spring.

BIO 4133 Cell Biology
Organization and activities of cells, with emphasis on the ultrastructure and function of cellular organelles. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, CHEM 1023 and CHEM 1021. Spring.

BIO 4143 Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their mechanisms of action at the system, cellular, and molecular levels. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2203 and BIO 2223, or BIO 3223 and BIO 3233, BIO 4104, and CHEM 4243. Spring, even.

BIO 4201 Issues in Human Ecology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4202. Special course fees may apply. Summer, odd.

BIO 4202 Issues in Human Ecology
A broad ecological approach demonstrating problems of modern society such as environmental deterioration, hunger, and resource depletion. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Summer, odd.

BIO 4211 Human Genetics Laboratory
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4213. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4213 Human Genetics
Current advances in the understanding of the human genome. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisite, BIO 3013. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4223 Human Endocrinology
Control of physiological processes by hormones. Types of chemical messengers, impact on cells, tissues and organs, and interrelationships of organ systems with respect to hormones will be studied. Important endocrine disorders will also be addressed. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 or CHEM 4243, AND BIO 2223 and BIO 2221 or BIO 3233 and BIO 3231. Spring.

BIO 4301 Aquatic Entomology
Identification, life histories, and ecology of aquatic arthropods, with emphasis on freshwater insects. For students in wildlife management, fisheries management, aquatic biology, and advanced entomology. Lecture one hour per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3301, BIO 3303, and BIO 3123 or BIO 4371 and BIO 4373. Spring, odd.

BIO 4302 Aquatic Entomology Laboratory
Four hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4301. Spring, odd.

BIO 4303 Forensic Entomology
The life history, ecology and behavior of insects and related arthropods and how they affect the interpretation of potential crime scenes. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 2013 or BIO 1303. Dual listed BIO 5303. Fall, odd.

BIO 4311 Fishery Biology
Identification, ecology, food habits, management, and behavior of fishes. Lecture one hour per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1303 and BIO 1301. Summer, even.

BIO 4312 Fishery Biology Laboratory
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4311. Special course fees may apply. Summer, even.

BIO 4313 Biospeleology Life in Darkness
This course analyzes the biology of organisms that live in hypogean subterranean environments, particularly in cave, phreatic, and karst habitats. That includes a survey of hypogean organisms, their evolution, ecology, and conservation biology. Special course fees may apply. Course prerequisites, at least two of the following, BIO 3033, BIO 3023, and BIO 3013, and permission of the instructor. Spring, even.

BIO 4322 Marine Mammals Laboratory
Hands on experience on the classification, anatomy, and behavior of marine mammals. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 4323. Special course fees may apply. Permission of instructor required. Spring, odd.

BIO 4323 Biology of Marine Mammals
This course analyzes the biology of marine mammals based on their adaptations to the aquatic environment from evolutionary, anatomical, physiological, and ecological perspectives. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites will be at least two the following courses, BIO 3312, BIO 4352, BIO 4653, BIO 3023, or BIO 3033. Permission of Instructor required. Spring, odd.

BIO 4332 Animal Histology
Cells and tissues of the organ systems of vertebrates. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3302 and BIO 3312. Spring.

BIO 4333 Marine Biology
Overview of the diverse discipline of marine biology. Emphasis on life history but will incorporate aspects of chemistry, microbiology, molecular biology, and ecology of marine systems. Also includes marine fisheries, conservation biology, aquaculture, pharmacology, resource management, and public policy. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1303 and BIO 1301 or BIOL 1003 and 1001, and BIO 3023, or permission of instructor. Dual listed BIO 5333. Spring, even.

BIO 4341 Animal Embryology Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4343. Spring.

BIO 4342 Animal Histology Laboratory
Four hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4332. Spring.

BIO 4343 Animal Embryology
Study of reproduction and development in animals including reproductive systems, gamete formation, fertilization, early cleavage, formation of germ layers, and development of the organ systems. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4341. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring.

BIO 4351 Mammalogy Laboratory
Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4352. Fall, even.

BIO 4352 Mammalogy
Classification, distribution, structure, ecology, adaptations, and economic importance of mammals. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall, even.

BIO 4353 Field Techniques for Marine Mammals
Field experience in describing and analyzing marine behavior of dolphins and other marine mammals. Special course fees may apply. Permission of Instructor required. Summer, odd.

BIO 4361 Mammalian Neurobiology Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4363. Fall, odd.

BIO 4362 Applied Aquaculture
Field course in which principles of aquaculture are applied within several public and private enterprises. Intended for the student interested in wildlife, fisheries biology, and agriculture. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 4311 and BIO 4312. Summer.

BIO 4363 Mammalian Neurobiology
A detailed study of the mammalian nervous system with particular emphasis on morphological aspects. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303, or BIO 2223 and BIO 2221, or permission of instructor. Fall, odd.

BIO 4371 Animal Ecology Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4373. Fall, odd.

BIO 4372 Applied Fisheries
Field course in which principles are applied within several fisheries management settings. Intended for the Wildlife Ecology and Management major. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, BIO 4311. Summer.

BIO 4373 Animal Ecology
The relationship of animals to their chemical, physical, and biological environment, and the distribution of animal life. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3023. Fall, odd.

BIO 4382 Parasitology
Parasites of vertebrates and plants, with emphasis on protozoan and helminth parasites of man and domestic animals. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring.

BIO 4392 Parasitology Laboratory
Four hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4382. Spring.

BIO 4401 Ichthyology Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4402. Fall, even.

BIO 4402 Ichthyology
Taxonomy, distribution, natural history, and economic importance of fishes, with emphasis on Arkansas species. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall, even.

BIO 4403 Comparative Vertebrate Reproduction
This combined lecture and lab course surveys major events in the vertebrate reproductive cycles and patterns. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3231 and BIO 3233, or BIO 3323 and 3321. Dual Listed BIO 5403. Fall even.

BIO 4411 Herpetology Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4412. Spring, even.

BIO 4412 Herpetology
Collection, identification, classification, distribution, economic importance, and life histories of amphibians and reptiles, with emphasis on Arkansas species. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and 1303. Spring, even.

BIO 4413 Wildlife Program Internship
Participation in a professional wildlife educational, management or research program activity. Internship is arranged by the student and may be a volunteer or paid position. Entails a minimum of 160 work hours. Special course fees may apply. Must be approved by advisor or chair. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIO 4421 Ornithology Laboratory
Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4423. Spring, even.

BIO 4423 Ornithology
Morphology, physiology, taxonomy, behavior, ecology, natural history, zoogeography, and evolution of birds. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring, even.

BIO 4433 Field Experience in Marine Environments
Hands on experience with living and non living components of environments. Emphasis on marine organisms and habitats but will incorporate human interactions associated with marine environments. Course is comprised of an intensive 12 day, 10 hours a day, field trip to an appropriate marine environment. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 4333, or BIOL 1003 and BIOL 1001, or permission of instructor.

BIO 4513 Plant Physiology
General principles of conduction, cellular reactions, respiration, growth, photosynthesis, movement, hormones, and metabolism in plants. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501, BIO 1503, and CHEM 2064 or 3103 and 3101. Spring, even.

BIO 4521 Wetland Plant Ecology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4522. Special course fees may apply. Spring, odd.

BIO 4522 Wetland Plant Ecology
A study of plant responses to environmental factors during germination, growth, reproduction, and dormancy. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3023 or permission of professor or chair. Spring, odd.

BIO 4541 Mycology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4542. Special course fees may apply. Fall, even every 4 years. Fall, odd.

BIO 4542 Mycology
Morphology, cytology, genetics, and physiology of fungi. Lecture two hours per week. Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4541. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4551 Medical Mycology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4552. Special course fees may apply. Fall, even.

BIO 4552 Medical Mycology
Cutaneous, systemic, and opportunistic fungus diseases mycoses of man and other animals. Lecture two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501 and BIO 1503. Fall, even.

BIO 4601 Limnology Laboratory
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4603. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4603 Limnology
Physicochemical conditions of fresh water, and their effects on aquatic life, including plankton analysis and bottom fauna studies. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall, odd.

BIO 4611 Radiation Safety
Theory and techniques for dealing with radiation and radioactive materials. Required for students wishing to use radioactive materials on campus. Permission of Instructor required. Special course fees may apply. Demand.

BIO 4612 Legal Aspects of Environmental Management
Policy, law and regulations relating to society use, management and protection of natural resources. The course will present the differences and similarities between environmental regulation and previous social regulation, and examine the logic behind current regulatory programs. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, BIOL 1003 and BIOL 1001 or equivalent. Lecture two hours per week. Spring, even.

BIO 4613 Conservation Biology
Study of global and local biological resources, including the diversity of life, the value of biodiversity, the importance of diversity to humans and human cultures, and interdisciplinary strategies to conserve biological resources. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3023 or permission of instructor. Spring, odd.

BIO 4621 Environmental Microbiology Laboratory
Laboratory and field investigation into the role of microbes in the environment. Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4623. Special course fees may apply. Spring, odd.

BIO 4623 Environmental Microbiology
Study of the physiology and diversity of microorganisms and their role in cycling of nutrients and mineralization of pollutants in the world. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, CHEM 1023 and BIO 2013, or BIO 4104, or BIO 4133. Spring, odd.

BIO 4633 Environmental Toxicology Mechanisms and Impacts
Understanding the basic principles behind the study of impacts and the mechanisms of physiological disturbances associated with environmental toxicant exposure to natural systems. Prerequisites, BIO 4133 and BIO 4131, or CHEM 4243 or permission of instructor. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Fall, even.

BIO 4641 Environmental Biology Laboratory
Field and laboratory exposure to ecological, economic and sociological aspects of management of water, soil and air resources. Content will vary based on current topics of importance in the field of environmental science. Laboratory three hours per week. Prerequisites, BIO 3023 or BIO 4373, BIO 4633 or permission of instructor. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4643. Special course fees may apply. Fall, odd.

BIO 4643 Environmental Biology
Exposure to ecological, economic and sociological aspects of management of water, soil and air resources. Content will vary based on current topics of importance in the field of environmental biology. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3023 or BIO 4373, BIO 4633, or permission of instructor. Fall, odd.

BIO 4651 Wildlife Management Laboratory
Two hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4653. Fall, even.

BIO 4653 Wildlife Management
The ecology and management of wildlife species and their environment, with emphasis on fish, waterfowl, upland game birds, and mammals. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Fall, even.

BIO 4661 Wildlife Management Investigational Techniques Laboratory
Three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. To be taken concurrently with BIO 4661. Spring, odd.

BIO 4663 Wildlife Management Investigational Techniques
Identification of wildlife problems, project design, interpretation and construction of wildlife maps, food habit and census techniques, wildlife populations and habitat analyses, predictive population dynamics, and introduction to modeling and wildlife decision making procedures. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1301 and BIO 1303. Spring, odd.

BIO 4673 Instruction to GIS for Natural Resources
Introduction to the principles, theory, and practice of contemporary Geographic Information Systems for Natural Resources. Combination of lecture, reading, and computer based activity centered around natural resources will be used to provide background and understanding. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 3023 or consent of instructor. Fall.

BIO 4704 Plant Systematics
A study of the systematics, nomenclature, morphology, and identification terminology for vascular plants with an emphasis on dichotomous key-based identification of flowering plants of Arkansas. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites: Bio 1501, 1503. Spring.

BIO 4714 Dendrology
A study of the systematics, nomenclature, morphology, phenology, geographic range, and natural history of woody plants with an emphasis on field recognition throughout the year. Dual listed with BIO 5714. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisites, BIO 1501 and BIO 1503. Fall, even.

Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 1001 Biological Science Laboratory
Two hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIOL 1003. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1003 Biological Science
The major characteristics and processes of life emphasizing the human organism. Promotes understanding of diversity and unity among living organisms with focus on ecological interactions and responsibilities of people within their social and natural environment. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. It is recommended that this course be taken concurrently with BIOL 1001. Fall, Spring, Summer.

BIOL 1033 Biology of Sex
Biological basis of sex and reproduction with an emphasis on humans. Course will provide students with a basic functional understanding of human systems, which will lead to informed decisions regarding sexual and reproductive health. Lecture three hours per week. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite, None. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIOL 1001. Spring.

BIOL 1043 Plants and People Shaping the Future
Significance of plants and plant products in human life. Course content centers around plants as representative biological organisms, and their role in shaping human society. Lecture three hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIOL 1001. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring.

BIOL 1063 People and the Environment
Major environmental issues facing our society will be covered to equip students to become part of the solution to many environmental challenges confronting us this century. Lecture three hours per week. It is recommended this course be taken concurrently with BIOL 1001. Special course fees may apply. Fall, Spring.

Method and Material Teaching Science (EDSC)

EDSC 4593 Methods and Materials Teaching Science in the Secondary School
Philosophical bases, teaching techniques, curriculum development, classroom management, facility resources, and equipment are emphasized. Must be admitted to the Teacher Education Program. Fall, Spring.

Teaching Internship (TIBI)

TIBI 4825 Biology Teaching Internship in the Secondary School
Ten semester hours. Full semester teaching internship. Fall, Spring.

TIBI 4826 Biology Teaching Internship in the Secondary School
Twelve semester hours. Full semester of teaching internship. Fall, Spring.

Graduate


Biology

BIO 5001 Laboratory Techniques in Electron Microscopy
An introduction to the preparation of biological materials for viewing with the transmission-and-scanning electron microscope. Emphasis will be placed on preparative techniques that are commonly used in the laboratory. Lecture one hour per week. Prerequisites: eight hours upper-level biology coursework and permission of professor.

BIO 5003 Laboratory for Laboratory Techniques in Electron Microscopy
Six hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5001. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5104 Microbiology
Morphology, physiology, taxonomy, and cultivation of bacteria and other microorganisms with an emphasis on medically relevant bacteria. Two hours of lecture and four hours of lab per week.

BIO 5201 Laboratory for Issues in Human Ecology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5202. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5202 Issues in Human Ecology
A broad ecological approach demonstrating problems of modern society such as environmental deterioration, hunger, and resources depletion. Lecture two hours per week.

BIO 5211 Human Genetics Laboratory
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5213. Special course fees may apply.

BIO 5213 Human Genetics
Current advances in the understanding of the human genome. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 3013.

BIO 5131 Laboratory for Cell Biology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5133. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5133 Cell Biology
A study of the organization and activities of cells, with emphasis on the ultrastructure and function of cellular organelles. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 2013, BIO 2011; CHEM 1023, CHEM 1021.

BIO 5013 Population Genetics
This course will investigate the theories describing the genetic structure of populations. There will be an emphasis on problem solving applying statistical tools. Intended for graduate students entering the disciplines of preprofessional, conservation, agriculture, and wildlife and fisheries sciences. Prerequisites: BIO 3013, BIO 3011.

BIO 5103 Virology
The structure, function, and classification of viruses, and their impact on modern society and the biological world. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 2103 or BIO 3013 or BIO 4104 or BIO 4133.

BIO 5111 Laboratory for Immunology
Study of classical and current immunology techniques such as ELISA, immuno-electrophoresis and Western Blot analysis. Laboratory 3 hours per week.

BIO 5113 Immunology
Study of the human immune system. Topics include innate and acquired immunity, complement fixation and disorders of the immune system. Lecture 3 hours per week.

BIO 5322 Biology of Marine Mammals Laboratory
Hands on experience on the classification, anatomy, and behavior of marine mammals. Concurrent enrollment in BIO 5323. Special Course fees may apply. Permission of instructor required.

BIO 5323 Biology of Marine Mammals
This course analyzes the biology of marine mammals based on their adaptations to the aquatic environment from evolutionary, anatomical, physiological, and ecological perspectives. Prerequisites will be at least two of the following courses: BIO 3322, BIO 3013, BIO 3033, and permission of the instructor.

BIO 5333 Marine Biology
Overview of the diverse discipline of marine biology. Emphasis on life history but will incorporate aspects of chemistry, microbiology, and ecology of marine systems. Also included: marine fisheries, conservation biology, aquaculture, pharmacology, resource management, and public policy.

BIO 5123 Cell Signaling
This course will provide an understanding of key concepts about cellular signaling mechanisms, and major signaling pathways identified to date about the methods used to study these pathways. Three hours per week during spring semester. Prerequisite: Cell biology course(s) or permission of the instructor.

BIO 5143 Pharmacology
The study of drugs and their mechanisms of action at the system, cellular, and molecular levels. Prerequisites: BIO 2223 OR BIO 3233, BIOL 4104, and CHEM 4243.

BIO 5353 Field Techniques for Marine Mammals
Field experience in describing and analyzing marine behavior of dolphins and other marine mammals. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor.

BIO 5601 Laboratory for Limnology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5603. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5603 Limnology
Physicochemical conditions of fresh water, and their effects on aquatic life; plankton analysis and bottom fauna studies. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301 , 1303; CHEM 1023, CHEM 1021.

BIO 5023 History of Biological Ideas
This course analyzes the history of biological ideas such as evolution, heredity, spontaneous generation, and molecular biology, aimed at a better understanding not only of historical background of current research but also on how science proceeds. Prerequisites will be at least two of the following courses: BIO 3023, BIO 3013, BIO 3033, or permission of the instructor.

BIO 544V Special Topics in the Biological Sciences
Topical or technique driven seminar relating to the biological sciences that will lead to the training of students in a body of work, such as newly developed research technique/approach. Number of credit hours will vary. Prerequisites: consent of the instructor.

BIO 5683 Biological Data Analysis
Use of statistical tests and models (regression, ANOVA, generalized linear models, and mixed-effect models, PCA) to analyze ecological/ biological data applications using the R statistical program. Prerequisites: Applied Statistics I or equivalent.

BIO 6001 Biological Seminar
Required of all graduate students.

BIO 6003 Scientific Methods and Research Design
A focus on the understanding and development of the scientific method as it pertains to research. Required of the graduate life sciences major, including students studying within the Biology, Botany, Wildlife Management and Zoology emphasis.

BIO 6033 Biosafety and Ethics in Research
Biosafety in the workplace, including chemical and radiation safety. Examination of moral and ethical issues in the laboratory and in research, including the concepts of transgenics, intellectual property and writing in research.

BIO 6103 Genetic Engineering
An introduction to genetic engineering through an overview of the types of experiments that recombinant DNA makes possible, and an explanation of the information that such experiments have revealed. Lecture three hours per week.

BIO 6113 Advanced Cell Biology
Study of recent advances in cell biology through critical analysis of current literature. Focusing on eukaryotic cell structure and function, topics may include, but not be restricted to, cellular structures and organelles; cell cycling; signal transduction; gene regulation; and intracellular trafficking Perquisites: A course in cell biology or permission of the professor

BIO 6013 Evolutionary Biology
A summary of current theories concerned with evolution of biological organisms. An elective course particularly directed to the needs of biological science majors including students of Biology, Botany, Zoology, and Wildlife Management. (Fall of even years)

BIO 6123 Specialized Biochemistry
An advanced study of biochemical pathways leading to specialized biologically active metabolites. Emphasis will be on specialized pathways in plants and their counterparts in animals, and microorganisms.

BIO 6143 Introduction to Biotechnology & Research Design
Study of molecular biological techniques and experimental designs through oral and written review of scientific literature. Career preparation by construction of curriculum vitae and work portfolios. Prerequisites: Students must be graduate students in a biological field of science.

BIO 6144 Laboratory in BioTechniques I
Laboratory techniques in protein chemistry and analysis, cell culture, and DNA/RNA isolation techniques. Techniques also include a variety of chromatographic methods, electrophoresis, UV-vis spectroscopy and radiochemistry.

BIO 6154 Laboratory in BioTechniques II
Laboratory techniques in DNA/RNA analysis and applications, including PCR, real-time PCR, recombinant DNA and the production of gene expression products.

BIO 6196 Internship in Biotechnology
Participation in an internship with a private business, research center or public agency in the field of biotechnology. Included is a minimum of 300 work hours. Internship may be a volunteer or paid position. Included is the completion and approval of a synthesis paper covering methods and applications of molecular tools used during this internship. Prerequisite: BIO 6144, BIO 6154

BIO 6301 Aquatic Biology
The collection, identification, and study of aquatic invertebrate and vertebrate animals with emphasis on life history, ecology, and importance to man. Lecture one hour per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1503, 1501,1303,1301.

BIO 6302 Laboratory for Aquatic Biology
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 6301. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 6371 Practicum I
Practicum in biology requires the completion of a minor project in the biological sciences as approved by the student’s advisory committee. To be completed by MA students as part of their core curriculum.

BIO 6372 Practicum II
Practicum in biology requires the completion of a major project in the biological sciences as approved by the student’s advisory committee. To be completed by MA students as part of their core curriculum.

BIO 638V Thesis

BIO 680V Independent Study

BIO 7161 Responsible Conduct in Research
A one credit hour course providing training on ethical behavior in sciences.

Botany

BIO 5511 Laboratory for Plant Physiology
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5513. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5513 Plant Physiology
General principles of conduction, cellular reactions, respiration, growth, photosynthesis, movement, hormones, and metabolism in plants. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1501, 1503; CHEM 3103, CHEM 3101.

BIO 5521 Laboratory for Wetlands Plant Ecology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5522. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5522 Wetlands Plant Ecology
A study of plant responses to environmental factors during germination, growth, reproduction, and dormancy. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3123 or permission of professor or chair.

BIO 5531 Aquatic Plants
A systematic study of the structure, classification, and ecology of freshwater algae and freshwater aquatic vascular plants. Lecture one hour per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1501, 1503.

BIO 5532 Laboratory for Aquatic Plants
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5531. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5541 Laboratory for Mycology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5542. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5542 Mycology
Morphology, cytology, genetics, and physiology of fungi. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO ; CHEM 3103, CHEM 3101.

BIO 5551 Laboratory for Medical Mycology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5552. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5552 Medical Mycology
A study of cutaneous, systemic, and opportunistic fungus diseases (mycoses) of man and other animals. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BOT 1501, 1503.

BIO 5704 Plant Systematics
A study of the systematics, nomenclature, morphology, and identification terminology for vascular plants with an emphasis on dichotomous key-based identification of flowering plants of Arkansas.

BIO 5714 Dendrology
A study of the systematics, nomenclature, morphology, phenology, geographic range, and natural history of woody plants with an emphasis on field recognition throughout the year.

BIO 6503 Mechanisms of Speciation
A study of genetic, environmental and historical factors which modify all species with emphasis on the effects of mutation, selection, and ploidy upon plant genetic systems. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisite: BIO 3013.

BIO 6513 Global Change Biology
Ecological and evolutionary impacts of anthropogenic global changes. Investigation of pollution, climate change, land use change, and species invasions as important factors involved in losses of and changes in distributions of biodiversity. Prerequisite: This course will serve graduate students in biological sciences and environmental sciences. Previous coursework in Ecology is strongly recommended.

Entomology

BIO 5301 Aquatic Entomology
Identification, life histories, ecology of aquatic arthropods, with emphasis on freshwater insects. For students in wildlife management, fisheries management, aquatic biology, and advanced entomology. Lecture one hour per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3301, 3303; BIO 3023 OR BIO 4371 AND 4373.

BIO 5302 Laboratory for Aquatic Entomology
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5301. (Course fee, $5)

BIO 5303 Forensic Entomology
The life history, ecology, and behavior of insects and related arthropods and how they affect the interpretation of potential crime scenes.

BIO 6311 Laboratory for Medical and Veterinary Entomology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 6313. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 6313 Medical and Veterinary Entomology
A study of the taxonomy, biology and control of arthropods associated with human and animal diseases. Lecture three hours per week. Corequisite: BIO 6311

BIO 6321 Laboratory for Insect Taxonomy
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 6322. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 6322 Insect Taxonomy
A survey of the orders and families of insects designed to familiarize the student with the use of taxonomic literature and keys. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3301 and 3303 or permission of professor.

Environmental Biology

BIO 5613 Conservation Biology
A study of global and local biological resources, including the diversity of life, the value of biodiversity, the importance of diversity to humans and human cultures, and interdisciplinary strategies to conserve biological resources. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3023 or permission of professor.

BIO 5623 Environmental Microbiology
A study of the physiology and diversity of microorganisms and their role in cycling of nutrients and mineralization of pollutants in the world. Prerequisites: CHEM 1023 and BIO 2103, or 4014, or 4133.

BIO 5611 Radiation Safety
Theory and techniques for dealing with radiation and radioactive materials. Required for students wishing to use radioactive materials on campus. Prerequisite: Permission of professor.

BIO 5612 Legal Aspects of Environmental Management
Policy, law and regulations relating to society's use, management and protection of natural resources. The course will present the differences and similarities between environmental regulation and previous social regulation, and examine the logic behind current regulatory programs. Lecture two hours per week.

BIO 5633 Environmental Toxicology: Mechanisms and Impacts
Understanding the basic principles behind the study of impacts and the mechanisms of physiological disturbances associated with environmental toxicant exposure to natural systems. Prerequisites: BIO 4131, BIO 4133 and CHEM 4232 or permission of professor. Lecture three hours per week.

BIO 6653 Aquatic Ecotoxicology
A study of the effects of contaminants in water, their accumulation in the biota, and the functional response of populations to specific contaminants. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 5603, or BIO 6301, or permission of professor.

BIO 6601 Laboratory for Environmental Systems Analysis
Laboratory three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with ENVR 6103 and BIO 6603. (Course fee, $5)

BIO 6603 Environmental Systems Analysis
Environmental problem-solving utilizing systems modeling and applied statistical analysis. Use of the microcomputer as an analytical tool will be emphasized. Prerequisites: one semester of calculus, one semester of statistics, BIO 4633,5633, or permission of professor. Lecture three hours per week.

BIO 6613 Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
A study of the principles of computer based Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and the theory and practice of remote sensing for ecosystem analysis. A combination of lecture, reading, and computer work will emphasize the collection and analysis of biological phenomena. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 5522 or permission of professor.

BIO 6621 Laboratory for Case Studies in Ecosystem Management
Field and laboratory experiences in evaluation of ecological, economic and sociological aspects of management of water, soil, and air resources. Course will emphasize data collection, analysis and reporting. Prerequisites: BIOL 3023 or 4373,5633 and 6603 or permission of professor. Laboratory three hours per week. (Course fee, $5)

BIO 6633 Population Community Ecology
An overview of principles, applications, and modeling of population and community ecology.

BIO 6623 Case Studies in Ecosystem Management
Evaluation of ecological, economic and sociological aspects of management of water, soil and air resources. Content will vary based on current topics of importance in the field of environmental science. Prerequisites: BIO 3023 or 4373 , 5633 and 6603 or permission of professor. Lecture three hours per week.

Zoology

BIO 5311 Fishery Biology
A study of identification, ecology, food habits, management, and behavior of fishes. Lecture one hour per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301,1303.

BIO 5312 Laboratory for Fishery Biology
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5311. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5332 Animal Histology
Microscopic survey of cells and tissues of vertebrate organ systems. This is a pre-existing undergraduate course (BIO 4332). The graduate version will require grad students to investigate selected methods/topics beyond what is expected of undergrads. No prerequisites.

BIO 5342 Laboratory for Animal Histology
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5332.

BIO 5351 Laboratory for Mammalogy
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5342. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5352 Mammalogy
Classification, distribution, structure, ecology, adaptations, and economic importance of mammals. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301,1303.

BIO 5362 Applied Aquaculture
Field course in which principles are applied within several aquaculture business settings. Intended for the student interested in wildlife and fisheries biology. Prerequisites: BIO 4311 AND 4312.

BIO 5372 Applied Fisheries
Field course in which principles are applied within several fisheries management settings. Intended for the Wildlife Ecology and Management major. Special course fees may apply. Prerequisite: BIO 4311.

BIO 5343 Animal Embryology
Study of reproduction and development in animals, including reproductive systems, gamete formation, fertilization, early cleavage, formation of germ layers, and development of the organ systems. Lecture three hours per week.

BIO 5341 Laboratory for Animal Embryology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5343.

BIO 5361 Laboratory for Mammalian Neurobiology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5363. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5363 Mammalian Neurobiology
A detailed study of the mammalian nervous system with particular emphasis on morphological aspects. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301, 1303, 2201, 2203 or permission of professor.

BIO 5371 Laboratory for Animal Ecology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5373. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5373 Animal Ecology
A study of the distribution, abundance, population dynamics, behavior, and interactions of animals. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 3023.

BIO 5382 Parasitology
The parasites of vertebrates and plants with emphasis on protozoan and helminth parasites of man and domestic animals. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301, 1303.

BIO 5392 Laboratory for Parasitology
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5382. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5401 Laboratory for Ichthyology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5402. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5402 Ichthyology
The taxonomy, distribution, natural history, and economic importance of fishes, with emphasis on Arkansas species. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301, 1303.

BIO 5411 Laboratory for Herpetology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5412. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5412 Herpetology
Collection, identification, classification, distribution, economic importance, and life histories of amphibians and reptiles, with emphasis on Arkansas species. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301, 1303.

BIO 5421 Laboratory for Ornithology
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 5423. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 5423 Ornithology
A study of the evolution, taxonomy, behavior, ecology, population biology, physiology, and conservation of birds. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301, 1303.

BIO 5403 Comparative Vertebrate Reproduction
This combined lecture/lab course surveys major events in the vertebrate reproductive cycles and patterns. Prerequisites BIO 3231 and 3233 or 3323, or permission of the instructor.

BIO 5433 Field Experience in Marine Environments
Hands-on experience with living and non-living components of marine environments. Emphasis on marine organisms and habitats but will incorporate human interactions associated with marine environments. Course is comprised of an intensive 10 day (10 hrs per day) field trip to an appropriate marine environment.

BIO 6133 Bioinformatics and Applications
Provides a basic understanding of computational methods used in bioinformatics, including hands on training to access and use biological data sources to analyze nucleotide/amino acid sequences and three-dimensional atomic structures of proteins, nucleic acids, allowing interpretation of biological processes. Prerequisites: Knowledge of cell biology OR Permission of Instructor.

BIO 6331 Laboratory for Comparative Ethology
Two hours per week. To be taken concurrently with ZOOL 6312. (Course fee, $5)

BIO 6332 Comparative Ethology
Description of the known behavioral adaptations of animals to their environments with emphasis on adaptive significance, including an introduction to objective analysis of behavior patterns. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301,1303.

BIO 6342 Natural History of the Vertebrates
The study of the classification and natural history of vertebrates. Lecture two hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301,1303.

BIO 6352 Laboratory for Natural History of the Vertebrates
Four hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 6342. (Course fee, $20)

BIO 6343 Cell & Molecular Neurobiology
This course provides an understanding of how the nervous system functions on a molecular and cellular level through lectures and discussions of original scientific papers related to lecture topics. Three hours per week. Prerequisite: Course(s) in basic neurobiology or permission of instructor.

BIO 6351 Laboratory for Comparative Physiology
Three hours per week. To be taken concurrently with BIO 6353. (Course fee, $5)

BIO 6353 Comparative Physiology
Comparison of nutrition, water balance, excretion, transport mechanisms, temperature regulation, metabolism, reproduction and nervous coordination set in a phylogenic format. Emphasis would be on the evolution of animal processes in relation to the environment. Lecture three hours per week. Prerequisites: BIO 1301,1303.